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14 November 2022

NPV Vs Payback | Difference | Comparison

The concept of NPV and payback have to do with investing. The difference between the present value of cash inflows and outflows is known as the Net Present Value (NPV). Because it considers the time value of money, NPV is a more accurate calculation than the payback period. While a quick and simple way to assess a project is to use the payback period, which is the amount of time needed to recover the initial investment. It ignores the time value of money and cash flows that occur after the payback period. But first, what exactly do NPV and Payback doIn this article, we'll compare and discuss the key differences between the two methods NPV Vs Payback. 

What is NPV?

With the use of net present value(NPV), we may compare projects with various profitability profiles, time horizons, and starting investments in order to estimate future cash flow. It is calculated by subtracting the total of all future cash payments from the total of all future cash receipts, then bringing the difference back to the present at the appropriate discount rate. The overall predicted NPV of a project determines whether it is worthwhile to proceed with it or not. If the entire predicted NPV of a project is negative, it is not worthwhile to proceed with it. 

What is Payback?

The payback period in business and finance is the length of time needed to recoup the initial investment in a project that generates money. The payback is a performance metric for a specific investment project that is represented in years. It is determined using the initial investment divided by the annual return, then one is subtracted. It is one of many financial metrics used to evaluate and contrast investments or projects. Payback time and payback period analysis are other names for it. 

NPV Vs Payback | Difference between NPV and Payback:

  • Net present value is a method that considers the time value of money Whereas The payback period is an accounting approach.
  • The temporal value of money is not taken into account by net present value. While the payback method considers the time value of money.
  • Net present value focuses on future cash flow. Payback focus on current cash flow.
  • The formula for net present value looks more complicated than the payback period method, but it is much more straightforward than the latter.
  • Net present value is a long-term investment choice strategy for assessing the relative merit of various assets. The payback method is merely a short-term investment approach.
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