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16 June 2022

NPV Vs ROI | Difference | Comparison

NPV stands for net present value. NPV is a discounted present value of future cash flow both positive and negative from an investment for a certain period and is referred to as the net present value. Investment, assessment, project cash flow predictions, capital projects, new initiatives, and company valuations all employ the NPV approach.

While the ROI stands for return on investment, it is a profitability metric that determines how profitable or profitable an investment is. For profitability and efficiencies analysis. It is a commonly used performance evaluation indicator. It is a quick and easy technique to evaluate investment possibilities in terms of ratios or percentages.

If you are having trouble deciding the difference between NPV vs ROI, read the comparison below to find the best Measure of Investment performance.

What is NPV?

The net present value of a company's current cash flow is calculated using NPV. It is possible that the resultant amount will be positive or negative. A low return is indicated by a sum that is negative or unfavourable. Investments are discounted to the present day during the calculation.

Read more about IRR Vs CAGR

What is ROI?

The return on investment is a financial metric that determines how profitable a given quantity of cash flow is. After the calculation one can differentiate between the portable investment and the unprofitable investment. There are a few different ways to calculate the measure and it all relies on the company's needs.

NPV vs ROI | Difference between NPV and ROI:


NPV extension net present value while the ROI is the return on investment.

Another name:

NPV is also called net present worth, and ROI is also called return on invested capital.


NPV measure the cash flow of an investment, while the ROI measures the efficiency of an investment.


NPV calculates future cash flow, ROI simply calculates the return that the investment produces.


NPV = cash flow ( 1 + i ) t - Initial investment

Where i = discount rate

t = time of cash flow

ROI = (Total benefits - Total costs)  / Total costs


NPV help in the planning of the business decision, with regards to the time value of money, etc., ROI indicates the position of investment as well as help in the comparison of different investment, etc. 


NPV is commonly used in investment appraisals, financial securities, and comparisons, while the ROI is a simple investment appraisal method without considering the discounting factor.


NPV cannot determine the dedicated investment, and ROI can be easily manipulated to the point of inaccuracy. Still, if you have any questions or queries in your mind Difference between NPV and ROI then please ask us in the comment section below. 

Explore more information:

  1. ROE Vs ROCE
  2. ROI Vs ROE 
  3. IRR Vs ROI
  4. EBIT Vs Operating Income
  5. ROE Vs RNOA
  6. EBIT Vs Net Income
  8. EBIT vs Revenue

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