10 July 2024

Dos Vs Windows | Difference | Comparison

Popular operating systems DOS and windows both meet various user demands and preferences. Despite having features in common, the two operating system differed in a few significant ways. Factors like program compatibility, power consumption, memory, networking,  user interface, customization possibilities and user experience can all be impacted by these variations.

What is DOS?

DOS stands for disc operating system. You may read, write and organize files on the disc storage due to its file system. It is essentially a single user operating system. The system performs several functions to make sure everything is working as it should. It allocates resources, manage data, regulate hardware, allows the loading and running of programmed and loads and executes programmed. DOS offer a GUI. It provide an interface similar to a command line. 

What is Windows?

Microsoft windows is an operating system with a Graphical user interface(GUI) That offers graphical user friendly replacements for the majority of command line tasks. Microsoft released a number of versions with the newest features.

DOS Vs Windows | Difference between DOS and Windows

  1. Definition: DOS stands for Disk operating system, Windows stands for windows, there is no specific form.
  2. Power consumption: DOS consume low power, Windows consume high power. 
  3. Networking: DOS does not support networking, Windows supports networking. 
  4. Tasking nature: DOS is single tasking OS, Windows is multi tasking OS. 
  5. Memory: DOS consume less memory as compared to windows, Windows consume more memory. 
  6. Friendliness: When it comes to being user friendly and complexity, DOS is more complex than windows, Windows on the other hand is easy to use and more user friendly. 
  7. Storage size: DOS is highest storage size that was made available is 2GB, windows support storage size up to 2 terabyte and 64 zettabyte.
  8. User interface: DOS is based OS, Windows is a GUI based OS. 
  9. Usage: DOS is not popular now almost obsolete in use. Free DOS is often bundled with some cheaper laptops, windows is more popular and globally used desktop operating system. 
  10. Input system: Command through keyboard are provide as an input in DOS, keyboard, mouse, touchscreen or any other input devices can be used to provide the input to windows. 
  11. Speed: DOS is command execution is faster than windows, Windows operation are slower as compared to DOS. 
  12. Operating system: DOS is popular as command line operating system, windows are widely known as the graphical operating systems. 
  13. Multimedia: Multimedia is not supported in DOS, Windows supports multimedia like games, videos, audios etc. 
  14. Multi window: DOS support single window at a time, Windows support multiple windows at time. 
  15. Cost: DOS is not expensive, Windows is expensive.
  16. Time: DOS does not share time, Windows can share time. 
Conclusion:

Both windows and DOS are both personal computer operating systems, they differ greatly in terms of programmed support, hardware support, multitasking, file system and user interface. Compared to DOS windows is a more features rich and contemporary operating system that is more appropriate for use with contemporary computing hardware. However certain outdated application and systems that demand a command line interface continue to use DOS today. 

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5 July 2024

Artificial intelligence Vs Human Intelligence | Difference | Comparison

Both AI and HI can learn and improve over time, It both can be used to solve complex problem and make decision. Numerous industries, including healthcare, retail, transportation, and banking, could be completely transformed by Artificial Intelligence vs Human Intelligence, because they provide insights and automate decision making processes. 

In this blog post, we will learn Difference between Artificial Intelligence vs Human Intelligence. But before learning the differences, let first have brief introduction of artificial intelligence and human intelligence.

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI) ?

The basis of artificial intelligence(AI) is human insight that can be applied to make decisions that allow machines to perform activities, no matter how complicated or basic, with ease, learning, problem solving, observation and reasoning are the cause of fake insights. This word can be applied to any machines that demonstrate cognitive functions of a human, like analysis and decision making and that increases productivity. AI includes tasks in facial recognition, scheduling, robotics, control system, data mining and many more areas. 

What is Human Intelligence (HI) ?

Human intelligence, or conduct is derived from previous interactions and actions taken in response to circumstances and surrounding. And it all depends on our capacity to change our environment through the knowledge we have acquired. Human intelligence provides many types of information. It offer information on items pertaining to a certain skill and expertise, which can be another human subject. or in the case of locators and spies, diplomatic information that they needed to access. After all is said and done. It can provide information on connections to society and interest groups.

Artificial intelligence Vs Human Intelligence | Difference | Comparison

1. Evolution

Norbert Wiener, who hypothesized critique mechanisms, is credited with making a significant early contribution to the development of artificial intelligence(AI), While the cognitive abilities to think, reason, evaluate and so on are built into human beings by their very nature. 

2. Creativity

AI can create novel approaches using existing trends and data but lacks inherent innovation and originality, whereas Using innovative thinking and creativity, human intelligence can create fresh concepts, literature, music and art.

3. Decision Making

AI interprets according to completely collected data, which makes it strongly objective in decision making, but the human decisions can be subject to subjective factors not based solely on data. 

4. Essence

The goal of artificial intelligence(AI) is to create computers that are able to behave like humans and complete jobs that humans would normally do. But the purpose of human intelligence is to combine a range of cognitive activities in order to adapt to new circumstances. 

5. Functionality

The processing of data and commands is essential to the operation of AI powered devices, but the human intelligence people make use of memory, processing capabilities, and cognitive talents that their brains provide. 

6. Operation

Artificial intelligence improves the overall performance of the system. It is impossible for it to be creative or inventive since robots cannot think in the same way that people can. But the Human intelligence might be described as inventive or creative. 

7. Social networking

Artificial intelligence has not yet mastered the ability to pick up on associated social and enthusiastic indicators, Human are superior to other social animals in terms of their ability to assimilate theoretical facts, their level of self awareness and their level of self awareness, and their sensitivity to the emotions of others. This is because people are social creatures. 

8. Adaptability

AI can quickly adapt to new data and situations, Human intelligence can adapt to new situations, learn from experience, and make decisions based on context. 

9. Nature

Artificial intelligence uses digital machines, Human intelligence is analogous. 

10. Versatility

AI can as it were perform fewer assignments at the same time as a framework can as it were learn duties one at a time. But the human judgment skills underpin multitasking as proven by differing and concurrent roles. 

11. Energy use

In AI modern day computer use around 2 watts of energy, The human brain use around 25 watts of energy. 

12. Speed

AI can process data and perform tasks much faster than humans, but the Human intelligence is slower than AI in processing large amount of data, but can make complex decision quickly.

13. Emotions

AI is lacks of emotions and empathy, Human intelligence is capable of feeling emotions and empathy. 

14. Physical limitation

AI does not have physical limitations, can operate 24/7. But the human intelligence is limited by physical capabilities and requires rest and maintenance. 

15. Ethics

AI does not have a moral code or conscience, Human intelligence has a moral code and conscience that guides decision making. 

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4 July 2024

Chrome OS Vs Android OS | Difference | Comparison

Two operating systems from the same google are android OS and chrome OS. There are many questions, like why google released two operating systems, what the objective was, where chrome OS and Android OS are utilized, and how they vary. This page aims to display the difference between Chrome OS and Android OS to better understand about this topic. 

What is Chrome OS?

Chrome OS was developed by Google with an emphasis on computing simplicity. It primarily concentrates on the Chrome browser and gives priority to cloud-based apps and services. The Google Chrome web browser serves as the foundation for the main design. Python, Rust, HTML5, C, C++, and JavaScript were used to construct the software. Google released the initial edition of the operating system in 2009. Make use of a Chromebook, a kind of laptop.

What is Android OS?

One of the most popular smartphone operating systems worldwide is android OS, which is essentially a software bundle that consists of the operating system, middleware and essential apps. The number of android OS applications is rapidly growing, with over 1,50,000 now in circulation. The mobile operating system of android OS is built upon a modified Linux kernel. The software was first created by the 2003 founded android OS inc. but google later bought the developer in 2005, and the open handset alliance and google then collaborated to speed up the product's development. Numerous android OS updates and version releases have occurred since the android software was first introduced to the market. 

Chrome OS Vs Android OS | Difference between Chrome OS  and Android OS

1. Support

Android OS supports conventional applications of mobile devices. Chrome OS will only feature the web application. 

2. Applications

Chrome OS will only features the web applications. Android OS supports conventional applications of mobile devices.

3. Design

Chrome OS is designed specifically to work with the web applications on notebooks especially. Android OS is a software stack for mobile devices such as phones and tablets.

4. Company

Chrome OS will will only be provided for specific hardware provided by google manufacturing partners, on the other hand, Android OS is used by the different companies on their products. 

5. Version

Chrome OS is expected to be patched for improvement, so there will be no need to wait for the next version, while Android OS whose versions are released with additional applications. 

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3 July 2024

Windows Vs Ubuntu | Difference | Comparison

Popular operating systems ubuntu and windows both meet various user demands and preferences. Despite having features in common, the two operating system differed in a few significant ways. Factors like program compatibility, user interface, customization possibilities and user experience can all be impacted by these variations.

Windows Vs Ubuntu   Difference between windows and Ubuntu

1. Developed

Windows operating system is developed by Microsoft, while Ubuntu operating system is developed by canonical Ltd. Ubuntu operating system is developed by canonical Ltd. 

2. Released

Windows is developed in November 1985 and windows 10 released on july 2015, on the other hand, ubuntu is developed in October 2024.

3. Software

Windows is a closed source software, while in Ubuntu is an open source software.

4. License

In user need to purchase a license to use windows. But in Ubuntu user do not need to purchase any license. 

5. Kernel Type

Kernel Type of windows is Hybrid, Kernel Type of Ubuntu is Monolithic.

6. Default user interface

Default user interface in windows in windows shell, Default user interface in Ubuntu is  Ubuntu unity and GNOME. 

7. Resources

Windows uses more resources than Ubuntu, Ubuntu uses less resources than windows.

8. Usability

Windows is easy to learn and use, Ubuntu is not easy to use as compared to windows.

9. Customization

Windows is less customization option, Ubuntu is more customization option. 

10. Gaming

For gaming purpose windows is better than Ubuntu, on the other hand, gaming purpose ubuntu is not so good like windows.

11. Privacy

Windows is less privacy focused than Ubuntu, while in ubuntu is more privacy focused than Windows. 

12. Performance

In windows, performance is less than the performance of Ubuntu, 

13. Cost

Cost of Windows is paid, cost of Ubuntu software is free.

14. Secure

Windows is less secure than ubuntu, Ubuntu is more secure than windows.

15. Programming

Programming is easy but not as easy as it is in ubuntu, But, Programming is quit easy in ubuntu.

16. Adobe and Photoshop

Adobe and Photoshop are supported in windows, Adobe and Photoshop are not supported in Ubuntu.

17. Virus Attacks

Virus Attacks are very common in windows, In ubuntu  less chance  of  Virus Attacks.

Conclusion

In the end, the decision between Windows and ubuntu is based on personal tasters, needs and operating system familiarity. Ubuntu offer greater flexibility, resources efficiency, and customization choices than windows, which excels in programmers compatibility and user friendliness. 

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26 June 2024

Machine Learning Vs Deep Learning | Difference | Comparison

Numerous industries, including healthcare, retail, transportation, and banking, could be completely transformed by machine learning and deep learning, because they provide insights and automate decision making processes. 

In this blog post, we will learn Difference between Machine learning and deep learning. But before learning the differences, let first have brief introduction of machine learning and deep learning. 

What is Deep Learning?

Artificial neural network and recurrent neural network are related in deep learning, a subset of machine learning. The process of creating the algorithms is exactly the same as in machine learning, even though it has many more layers of algorithms. With this framework, a machine may analyse its own data and learn new things. It solves all complicated problems using its methods and algorithms.

What is Machine Learning?

Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence(AI) that allows a system to learn from its experiences and advance without needing to be fully programmed. The goal of machine learning is to create computer programmed that can access data and utilized it to learn from one another.  Machine learning algorithms is widely used in online fraud detection, production recommendation, email spam filtering and other areas. 

Machine Learning Vs Deep Learning | Difference between Machine Learning and  Deep Learning 

1. Subset

Machine Learning is a superset of deep learning, Deep learning is subset of Machine Learning.

2. Data Representation

The data representation in machine learning is quite different compared to deep learning as it uses structured data, while in the data representation used in deep learning is quite different as it uses neural networks.

3. Evolution

AI is the evolution of machine learning, while machine learning is the evolution of deep learning. In essence, it's the depth of the machine learning

4. Number f data points

Machine Learning can use small amounts of data to make predictions, On the other hand, Deep learning need to use large amount of training data to make predications.

5. Execution Time

Machine learning algorithm takes less time to train the model than deep learning, but it takes a long time duration to test the model, On the other hand, Deep learning takes a long execution time to train model, but less time to test the model. 

6. Hardware Dependency

Machine learning model  can work on low end machines, So doesn't need a large amount of computational power. While in Deep learning model needs to huge amount of data to work efficiently, do they need GPU's and high end machines. 

7.  Featurization Process

Machine learning model need a step of feature extraction by the expert, and then it proceeds further, On the other hand, Deep learning model learns high level of features from data and creates new features by it self, so it does not need to develop the feature extractor for each problem. 

8. Suitable for

Machine learning model are suitable for solving simple or bit complex problems, But deep learning models are suitable for solving complex problems.

9. Result

The result of an Machine learning model are easy to explain, The result of deep learning are difficult to explain.

10. Output

In machine learning the output is a numerical value, like a score or a classification, On the other hand, Deep learning the output can have multiple formats, like text, a score or a sound. 

11. Application

Machine learning is used for a wide range of applications, such as regression, classification and clustering. Deep learning is mostly used for complex tasks such as image and speech recognition, natural processing, and autonomous systems. 

12. Types of data

Machine learning model mostly require data in a structured form, on the other hand, Deep learning models can work with structured and unstructured data both as the rely on the layers of the artificial neural network.  

13. Problem solving approach

Traditional machine learning breaks the problems in sub parts, and after solving each part, produces the final result, The problem solving approach of a deep learning model is different from the traditional machine learning model, as it takes input for a given problem, and produce the end result. Hence it follows the end of end approach. 

14. Challenging Issues

Machine learning models can be used to solve straightforward or a little bit challenging issues, but the deep learning model are appropriate for resolving challenging issues. 

15. Complexity

Machine learning algorithms for complex tasks, but they can also be more difficult to train and may require more computational resources. Compared to machine learning algorithms, deep learning algorithms yield more accuracy.

Conclusion

In summary, deep learning can be defined as machine learning with additional functionalities and different methodology, and choose which of them to use to address a given issues, will rely on the problem complexity and data amount. 

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21 June 2024

UNIX Vs Linux | Difference | Comparison

Both Unix and Linux are popular operating systems that let you do specialized jobs and multitasking. Let's explore some of the most important difference between Linux and Unix in this post. 

What is UNIX?

Unix is a powerful and multitasking operating system that behaves like a bridge between the user and the computer. It is portable, multi user, bug fixing operating system. This operating system was launched in 1960 and was released by AT & T labs. Is is used in web servers, workstations, and PCs. 

What is Linux?

Linux is open source operating system developed in 1991. Linux Torvalds introduced this operating system in 1991 at the university of Helsinki. It is utilized for mainframes, game development, computer hardware, and software. This operating system come with a number of software features that manage computer resources. 

UNIX Vs Linux | Difference between UNIX and Linux

1. Origins

Linux was developed in the 1990s by Linus Torvalds as a free and open source alternative to Unix, Where's Unix was developed in the 1970s at bell Labs.

2. Definition

Unix is an operating system which can be only used by its copyrighters, Linux is an open source operating system which is freely available to everyone.

3. Users

IBM AIX, HP-UX and sun Solaris are example of UNIX, Ubuntu, Redhat, fedora are example of Linux.

4. Licensing

Unix is a proprietary operating system, meaning that it require a license to use, on the other hand, Linux is open source software and can be used freely without any licensing fees. 

5. Coding

Unix contain completely difference coding developed by AT & T labs, whereas Linux is a Unix clone, behaves like Unix but doesn't contain its code.

6. Kernels

Unix is similar design but larger and more complex than the Linux kernel, on the other hand, Linux have a similar design but are less complex than the UNIX hold up that kernel. 

7. Security

Unix is highly secured, Linux provides higher security.

8. Interface

Unix is originally used Bourne shell. But is also compatible with other GUIs. On the other hand, Linux is default interface is BASH(Bourne Again Shell). But some distros have developed their own interfaces.

9. Source code availability

In Unix source is not accessible to the general public, whereas In Linux source is accessible to the general public.

10. Operating system

Unix is complete package of operating system, Linux is just the kernel. 

11. Graphical user interface

UNIX was a command based OS, however GUI was created called common desktop environment. Most distribution now ship with gnome, on the other hand, Linux provides two GUI, KDE, and Gnome. But there are many other options. For example, LXDE, Xfce, Unity, Mate, and so on.

12. Price

Unix is not totally free. There are some Unix versions that are free, other than that UNIX is expensive. Whereas Linux is free and its corporate support is available at a price. 

13. Virus Threats

In Unix has about 85-120 viruses listed to date, but the Linux has about 60-100 viruses listed to date. 

14. File System Supports

In Unix File system supports -  jfs, gpfs, hfs, hfs+, ufs, xfs, zfs while the Linux files system are, ext2, ext3, ext4, jfs, reiserFS, Xfs, FAT, FAT32, NTFS, Btrfs. 

15. User Case

Unix is used on servers, Workstations and PCs, whereas Linux is used everywhere from server, PCs, smartphones, tablets to mainframes. 

16. Written In 

Unix is written in C and Assembly language, Linux is C and other programming language. 

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20 June 2024

Machine Learning Vs Artificial Intelligence | Difference | Comparison

Machine Learning(ML) and Artificial Intelligence(AI) are two closely related but distinct field within the broader field of computer science.  Machine Learning(ML) and Artificial Intelligence(AI)  re interchangeably, especially when discussing big data, predictive analytics, and other digital transformation topic. Below are some main difference between Machine learning and Artificial Intelligence along with the overview of Artificial intelligence and Machine learning. 

What is AI?

The term artificial intelligence or AI, refer to the process by which a machine simulates cognitive processes like learning and problem solving that people identify with the minds of other people. Even more basic, artificial intelligence(AI) can only be a set of rules that are written into machine to instruct it how to act in particular scenarios. Put differently, Artificial intelligence is limited to a sequenced of if then statement. 

What is ML?

With the use of past data and machine learning, a computer system can be explicitly developed to make predictions or execute certain actions. To enable a machine learning model to produce accurate results or make predictions based on the data, machine learning needs a vast amount of structured and semi structured data. Algorithms used in machine learning use past data to learn their own. Only certain domains are supported by it. For example, if we build a machine learning model to identify dog photos, it will only return results for dog photographs. If we feed it additional data, such as cat image, it will stop responding. Numerous applications, including online recommender systems, Google search engines, email spam filters, Facebook auto friend tagging suggestions, and more use machine learning.

Machine Learning Vs Artificial Intelligence

1. Stands

ML stands for Machine Learning, and is the study that uses statistical methods enabling machines to improve with experience. On the other hand, AI stands for Artificial Intelligence, and is basically the study/process which enables machines to mimic behavior through particular algorithm. 

2. Goal

The goal of machine learning is to allow machines to learn from data so that they can give accurate output. The goal of Artificial Intelligence is to make a smart computer system like humans to solve complex problems. 

3. Terminology

The terminology Machine learning was first used in 1952 by IBM computer scientist Arthur Samuel, a pioneer in artificial intelligence and computer games, The terminology Artificial Intelligence was originally used by John McCarthy in 1956, who also hosted the first AI conference.

4. Aim

The Aim of ML is to increase accuracy, but it does not care about, the success. While The Aim is to AI is to increase the chance of success and not accuracy. 

5. Subset

ML is the subset of AI, AI is the broader family consisting of ML and DL as it's components.

6. Algorithm

ML is an AI algorithm which allows system to learn from data, whereas AI is a computer algorithm which exhibits intelligence through decision making. 

7. Work

ML can only use structured and semi structured data, AI work with all types of data such as Structured, Semi structured and unstructured. 

8. Use

ML system relay on statistical models to learn and can self correct when provided with new data, AI systems use logic and decision trees to learn, reason and self correct. 

9. Application

The main applications of ML are online recommender system, google search algorithms, Facebook auto friend tagging suggestions, In contrast, The main application of AI are Siri, Customer support using catboats, Online game playing, Expert system, Intelligent humanoid robot etc.

10. Scope

The Scope of ML is Limited, AI has a very wide range of scope.

11. Allow

ML allows system to learn new things from data, AI is decision making.

12. Efficiency

ML is less efficient than DL as it can't work for longer dimensions or higher amount of data. The efficiency of AI is basically the efficiency provided by ML and DL respectively. 

13. Types

Machine learning can divided into mainly three types are supervised learning, unsupervised learning and reinforcement learning. On the other hand AI can be divided into three types, which are weak AI, general AI and Strong AI. 

14. Concern

Machine learning is mainly concerned about accuracy and patterns. AI system is concerned about maximizing the chances of success. 

Conclusion

Machine learning and Artificial intelligence interchangeably, but the terms have meaningful difference.  Machine learning and Artificial intelligence belong to the same field and are so closely related but distinct field within broader field of computer science. In this article we will explain the difference difference between Machine Learning Vs Artificial Intelligence.

11 June 2024

Chrome OS Vs Linux | Difference | Comparison

The differences between the Chrome OS and Linux operating systems are covered in this article. But first, you need to be familiar with the Chrome OS and Linux operating systems before talking about the differences.

What is Chrome OS?

Chrome OS was developed by Google with an emphasis on computing simplicity. It primarily concentrates on the Chrome browser and gives priority to cloud-based apps and services. The Google Chrome web browser serves as the foundation for the main design. Python, Rust, HTML5, C, C++, and JavaScript were used to construct the software. Google released the initial edition of the operating system in 2009. Make use of a Chromebook, a kind of laptop.

What is Linux?

In 1991, Linus Torvalds created the Linux operating system. This operating system is licensed under the GPL and is available for free and open source. One of the most popular UNIX operating system versions is Linux, which is based on the Linux kernel. It is one of the operating systems with the quickest growth rates due to its wide distribution under a general public license, low dependency, and high degree of work flexibility.

Chrome OS Vs Linux | Difference between Chrome OS and Linux

  1. Developed: Chrome OS was developed by Google LLC, LINUX was developed by Linus Torvalds.
  2. Launched: Chrome OS launched in 2009, LINUX was launched in 1991.
  3. Designed: Chrome OS is specifically designed for chromebook, on the other hand LINIX is design for PC of all companies.
  4. Preferred License: Chrome OS has the preferred license proprietary, Linux has the preferred license of GNU, GPLv2.
  5. Computer architecture: Computer architecture supported by chrome OS are ARM, IA-32 and x86-64. On the other hand, computer architectures supported by Linux are IA-32, x86-64, ARM, PowerPC, and SPARC.
  6. Kernel: In Chrome OS kernel type is Monolithic with modules, Whereas Kernel used in Linux is monolithic.
  7. Target System: In Chrome OS target system types are chromebook, Chromebox, Chromebase and tablets, whereas In Linux Target system types are embedded systems, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframe computers and supercomputers.
  8. Package management: In Chrome OS package management is portage, But the Linux package management depends on the distribution.
  9. Non-Native API -  In Chrome OS non native APIs are not supported by its subsystems, whereas in Linux native APIs supported by its subsystems are mono, java, win 16, and win32.
  10. File system: File system supported by chrome OS are eCryptfs, NTFS, FAT, FAT16, FAT32, exFAT, ext2, ext3, ext4, HFS+, MTP, ISO 9660 and UDF. File system supported by Linux are ext2, ext3, ext4, btrfs, FAT, ISO 9660, UDF and NFS. 
Conclusion:

We final conclude that, Chrome OS is lightweight, Preferred license proprietary, and secure computing experience, whereas Linux is versatile, powerful operating system, and preferred license of GNU, GPLv2. The choice between Chrome OS and Linux is depends on individual needs, preferences and the specific tasks and applications required.

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1 June 2024

Chrome OS Vs Windows | Difference | Comparison

Chrome OS and Windows are both popular desktop operating system.  Chrome Book run on google chrome OS, whereas Windows run laptops on Microsoft windows operating system. So here article information about the difference between Chrome OS and Windows, but let's first check it out what is Chrome OS and Windows ?

What is Chrome OS?

Google developed chrome OS with focus on simplicity in computing. It priorities cloud based apps and services and is mostly focused on the chrome browser. The primary design is based on the google chrome web browser. C, C++, JavaScript, HTML5, Python and rust were used in its development. Google released the original OS version in 2009. Chromebook, a type of personal computer, use it.

What is Windows?

Microsoft windows is an operating system with a Graphical user interface(GUI) That offers graphical user friendly replacements for the majority of command line tasks. Microsoft released a number of versions with the newest features.

Chrome OS Vs Windows | Difference between Chrome OS and Windows

  1. Developed: Chrome OS was developed and is owned by Google LLC, on he other hand Windows OS was developed by Microsoft incorporation.
  2. Launched: Chrome OS was launched in 2009, but the windows was launched in 1985.
  3. Designed: Chrome OS is specially designed for Chromebook, whereas, Windows is designed for PC of all companies.
  4. Stable version: Current stable version in Chrome OS is 75.0.3770.102. On the other hand, Windows current stable version is Windows 10.
  5. Computer Architecture's: In Chromes OS computer architecture's supported are ARM, IA-32, and x86-64 are, In Contrast, But the Windows computer architectures supported by windows, are IA-32, x86-64, IA-64, ARM, Alpha, MIPS and power PC.
  6. Target System: Its target system type is Chromebook, Chromebox, Chromebase and tablets, On the hand, Windows is for workstation. personal computers, media center, tablets and embedded systems.
  7. Kernel Type: Kernel type of Chrome OS is monolithic with modules, Windows kernel type is hybrid with modules here.
  8. Native API: The native APIs are Chrome OS are Linux/POSIX, But the Native APIs  in windows are Win 32 and NT API
  9. Package Management: In Package management of chrome OS is portage, but the Windows package management in Windows is MSI or custom installer.
  10. File system: File system are Chrome OS are NTFS, FAT, FAT32, exFAT, ext2, ext4, HFS+, MTP, FAT16, ISO 9660, and UDF, Whereas File supported are Windows are NTFS, FAT, HFS, FATX, HFS+.
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10 May 2024

UNIX Vs Windows | Difference | Comparison

UNIX and Windows are both popular desktop operating system. So here article information about the difference between UNIX and Windows, but let's first check it out what is UNIX and Windows?

What is UNIX?

UNIX is multi user and multitasking operating system. It was developed in the 1960s by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and other AT&T bell laborites. UNIX is a stable, secure, multi user, multitasking system for servers, laptops and computers. 

What is Windows?

Microsoft windows is an operating system with a Graphical user interface(GUI) That offers graphical user friendly replacements for the majority of command line tasks. Microsoft released a number of versions with the newest features.

UNIX Vs Windows | Difference between UNIX and Windows

  1. Basic: Unix operating system is Commands line based interface(CLI), Whereas Windows is a menu based graphical user interface(GUI). 
  2. Multiplexing: Multiprocessing is possible in the UNIX OS, In contrast, multiprocessing is not possible in the windows operating systems, It support Multithreading.
  3. Licensing: UNIX is a free and open source OS, But the Windows is a licensed OS.
  4. OS: UNIX is command based OS, Whereas windows is a menu based OS.
  5. User Interface: UNIX has a text base interface, making it harder to grasp for newcomers, whereas Windows has graphical user interface, making it simple to use.
  6. File System: UNIX file system that comprises STD. ERR and STD. IO file systems. Whereas Windows uses file allocation system and new technology file system. 
  7. Security: UNIX is more secure as all chances to the system require explicit user permission, whereas Windows is less secure compared to UNIX.
  8. Hardware Support: UNIX Operating system have limited hardware support. Hardware could not have drivers available. On the other hand, windows operating system contain almost all of the drivers for all of the available hardware.
  9. Networking: In Unix, Native support for networking protocols and services. On the other hand, Windows native support for networking protocol and services.
  10. Data back up and Recovery: UNIX is tedious to create a backup and recovery system in UNIX, but it is improving with the introduction of new distribution of UNIX, In contrast, Windows has an integrated backup and recovery system that make it simpler to use. 
  11. Case Sensitive: UNIX is fully case sensitive, and files can be considered separate files, but the Windows has case sensitivity as an option. 
  12. Reliability: High stability is a well-known feature of UNIX and its distribution. While Windows has become more stable recently, it still cannot match the reliability offered by UNIX systems.
  13. Popular use cases: Unix is used servers, supercomputers, embedded systems. Whereas Windows is used in personal computers, servers, gaming consoles, embedded systems. 
  14. Development environment: Unix is Powerful development tools and compilers, on the other hand, Windows is integrated development environment(IDE) with compiler features.
Conclusion:

Both UNIX and Windows are popular desktop operating system. UNIX operating system available for windows and windows subsystem for Linux that provides a Linux compatible environment within windows.

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6 May 2024

Chrome OS Vs MAC OS | Difference | Comparison

Chrome OS and MAC OS are both popular desktop operating system. So here article information about the difference between Chrome OS and MAC OS, but let's first check it out what is Chrome OS and MAC OS?

What is Chrome OS?

Google developed chrome OS with focus on simplicity in computing. It priorities cloud based apps and services and is mostly focused on the chrome browser. The primary design is based on the google chrome web browser. C, C++, JavaScript, HTML5, Python and rust were used in its development. Google released the original OS version in 2009. Chromebook, a type of personal computer, use it.

What is MAC OS?

Apple computers run MACOS, an operating system that is well known for its elegant design, seamless hardware integration and carefully chosen app ecosystem. It can only be found on apple products, including MacBook Netbooks. Its foundation is in the UNIX operating system. Assembly language, C, C++, objective-C and swift were used in its development. Apple released the originals MACOS version in 2001. 

Chrome OS Vs MAC OS | Difference between Chrome OS and MAC OS 

  1. Developed: Chrome OS was developed and is owned by Google LLC, Whereas MAC OS was developed and is owned by apple incorporation.
  2. Launched: Chrome OS was launched in 2009 while MAC OS was launched in 2001.
  3. Target System: Chrome OS is target system types are Chromebook, Chromebox, Chromebase and tablets. while in MAC OS target system types are workstation, personal computers and embedded systems.
  4. Kernel type: Chrome OS kernel type is monolithic with modules, while the kernel type of MAC OS is hybrid with modules.
  5. Native API: Chrome OS native APIs are SysV/POSIX, but the MAC OS native APIs are carbon, cocoa, Java and BSD-POSIX. 
  6. Computer architecture: Computer architecture supported by chrome OS are ARM, IA-32, and x86-64, but the MAC OS computer architectures supported by MACOS are x86-64, IA-32 and power PC.
  7. Preferred License: Chrome OS has preferred license proprietary, whereas MAC OS has the preferred license of proprietary, APSL, and GNU GPL.
  8. Package management: Chrome OS package management is portage, on the other hand MAC OS package management is MAC OS installer. 
  9. Designed: Chrome OS is specifically designed for Chromebook, but MACOS is specifically designed for MacBook. 
  10. Non-Native API: Chrome OS the non native APIs are not supported by its subsystems, while in MAC OS the non native APIs supported by its subsystems are toolbox, Win16 and Win32.
Conclusion:

Both Chrome OS and MAC OS are desktop operating systems. There are different command options for Chrome OS and MAC OS. If you know how to use one, it would be easy to use another. Both Chrome OS and MAC OS have a graphical user interface(GUI) that is easy to use and navigate. 

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29 April 2024

UNIX Vs DOS | Difference | Comparison

In this article, We will discuss about the Difference between UNIX and DOS operating System. 

What is UNIX?

UNIX is multi user and multitasking operating system. It was developed in the 1960s by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and other AT&T bell laborites. UNIX is a stable, secure, multi user, multitasking system for servers, laptops and computers. 

Features of UNIX:

There are various features of  UNIX. Following are the Features of UNIX.
  • UNIX is a multitasking operating system.
  • UNIX is free.
  • It has powerful command line interface.
  • It is freely available for all.
  • Its provides various types of tools.
  • UNIX is robust security features.
  • It is highly scalable.
  • It is stable database access.
  • UNIX support communication method using write command.
  • It is better handling of internet and intranet in servers.
  • UNIX is used in wide variety of platform.
  • It has hierarchical file system. 
Advantages of UNIX:
  • UNIX has robust security modal.
  • UNIX is a portable operating system.
  • It offer a multitude of tools.
  • Better performance and stable database access.
  • It is most stable operating system.
  • It has command line interface, it allow powerful and efficient interaction with a system.
Disadvantages of UNIX:
  • UNIX need some variants most memory usage.
  • The user interface lacks visual appeal.
  • Certain UNIX versions need memory use.
  • Some drivers for software are not available.
  • UNIX's user interface is not very appealing.
  • It is more difficult to learn than windows, MS-DOS and macOS.
  • Some drivers are not available for the software.
What is DOS?

DOS stands for Disk operating's system. DOS is computer operating system which is read from disc storage device such as floppy discs or hard disc. It is single user process that give complete control of the computer to the user program. It was developed in 1980 TIM Patterson. Later Microsoft purchased this and released MS-DOS in 1981.

Features of DOS:

There are various features of Disc operating systems(DOS). Following are the Features of DOS.
  • DOS is a 16 bit OS.
  • It is free OS.
  • It is single user operating system.
  • It has a single user OS.
  • It doesn't support GUI.
  • maximum space available is 2GB.
  • It aids make file management.
  • DOS has a text based interface and operates completely on text and codes.
  • It is character based interface system.
Advantages of DOS:
  1. It is simple and Easy to use.
  2. DOS is open source license software.
  3. DOS are consume less power and memory.
  4. It has command line operating system. 
Disadvantages of DOS:
  • It has fewer security features.
  • It has limited multitasking capabilities.
  • It has limited file system capabilities.
  • It has limited  support for modern hardware and software.
  • No support for networking or internet connectivity.

UNIX Vs DOS | Difference between UNIX and DOS

Some of the main Difference between UNIX and DOS operating system are as follows:

  1. Full form: UNIX actually refers to the word UNICS that stands for UNIplexed Information Computing System, Whereas DOS stands for Disc Operating System.
  2. Developed in: UNIX is developed in 1971, whereas DOS is developed in 1981.
  3. OS: UNIX is multitasking OS, but DOS is a single command line OS.
  4. Case Sensitivity: UNIX is case sensitive, DOS is not case sensitive.
  5. System supported: UNIX is used all types of computer systems, whereas DOS is only used in x86 based computer systems.
  6. Path Separator: UNIX uses forward slash, DOS uses backward slash it. 
  7. Interface: UNIX supports few GUI features, DOS is command line operating system.
  8. Languages: UNIX is written is C and assembly languages, whereas DOS is written in C and x86 assembly languages. 
  9. Usage: UNIX is used in server and some mobile, On the other hand, DOS is used in embedded systems.
  10. Files: UNIX operating system contains shell files, but DOS contains batch files.
  11. Native support: UNIX come with built in support for IP networks, DOS has no native support for IP networks.
  12. Internet: UNIX supports networking, But the DOS doesn't support networking.
  13. Memory: UNIX has virtual and protected memory, Whereas DOS doesn't have virtual and protected memory.
  14. Power Usage: UNIX consume more power, In contrast, DOS consume less power.
  15.  Version: UNIX has number of proprietary and free version, DOS has three proprietary versions ( MS DOS, IBM DOS and DR-DOS) and free version(Free DOS).
  16. Path Generator: UNIX uses forward slash, DOS uses backward slash.
  17. Security: UNIX is more secured than DOS, DOS doesn't provide any inbuilt security features.
  18. Run on: UNIX support multi user, it designed to run on a network of computer, DOS is designed to run only a single computer.

26 March 2024

Solaris Vs FreeBSD | Difference | Comparison

In both Solaris and FreeBSD Unix operating systems, Solaris is based on system V released(SVR 4) Unix operating system, whereas FreeBSD is based on the Berkeley software distribution(BSD) Unix operating system. In this article, we will discuss the difference between Solaris and FreeBSD Operating systems, But first, let's understand what are Solaris and FreeBSD operating systems.

What is the Solaris Operating system?

Oracle Corporation offers a proprietary operating system called Solaris. It is an operating system similar to UNIX. It is written in both C and C++ languages. It uses both closed and open-source or mixed-source methods. Sun Microsystems was the original developer of it, and Oracle Corporation acquired it in 2010. 1992 was the release of Solari's first version. This operating system uses a monolithic kernel with dynamically loadable modules.

What is FreeBSD?

The FreeBSD project offers FreeBSD, an operating system that is both free and open source. Berkeley software distribution(BSD) and research UNIX, two Unix-like operating systems. Served as the foundation for its development. It and the Linux operating system are very similar. While it was previously a well-known operating system. Its use has decreased in comparison to other operating systems. 1993 saw the release of FreeBSD's initial version. 

Solaris Vs FreeBSD | Difference between Solaris and FreeBSD

There are key differences between Solaris and FreeBSD operating systems as follows:

  1. Developed: Solaris was developed by Sunmicosystem in 1992, whereas FreeBSD was developed and is owned by the FreeBSD Project in 1993.
  2. Target system: Solaris's target system types are server and workstation, on the other hand, FreeBSD's target system types are server, workstation, NAS and embedded systems.
  3. Computer architectures: Computer architectures supported by Solaris are IA-32, x86-64, and SPARC. While Computer architecture supported are IA-32, x86-64, MIPS, PowerPC and ARM.
  4. Native API: In Solris Native APIs are SysV/POSIX, GTK and Java. While the FreeBSD native API are BSD/POSIX.
  5. Kernal Type: In Solaris, kernel types are monolithic with dynamically loadable modules, whereas FreeBSD kernel types are monolithic with modules.
  6. Package Management: In Solaris package management is SysV packages or image packaging system, on the other hand, FreeBSD package management is MSI.
  7. Preferred License: Solaris has the preferred license of CDDL, while the FreeBSD preferred license is BSD.
  8. File system: In Solaris file systems supported by Solaris are UFS, ZFS, ext2, FAT, ISO 9660, UDF, NFS, and QFS, and the FreeBSD file system supported are UFS32, ZFS, ext2, ext3, NFS, UDF, and ISO 9660.
  9. Userland tools: Solaris has its own collection of userland tools, on the other hand, FreeBSD offers an environment that's closer to a classic UNIX system with utilities like GNU core utilities.
  10. Virtualization: Solaris has its own virtualization technology called zones, whereas FreeBSD supports virtualization using technologies like virtualBOX, and jails.
Conclusion:

Solaris and FreeBSD both are Unix operating systems. The fact that Solaris is designed for high-end servers makes it an excellent operating system. supports a large variety of hardware. The solution has excellent stability. Some solutions are not supported by the documentation and no additional options are available. Although there are some places with graphical user interfaces. The majority of the product is still command-line based. Core administration is still carried out via the command line for some reason. Whereas, FreeBSD is an excellent choice for a UNIX-based development environment and for maintaining the functionality of old hardware. It is most appropriate for this. It would be a great, reliable and secure server. 

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