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12 March 2023

DBMS Vs File system | Difference | Comparison

One of the most significant differences between the two systems is that a database management system (DBMS) is software that enables you to access, create, and manage databases, whereas a file system is a software that organizes and manages files on a storage medium. This is the fundamental difference between DBMS and File systems. You can check out the detailed information on the DBMS Vs File system below. 

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What is a File system?

A file system is a method of grouping files on a storage device, such as a hard drive, USB flash drive, DVD, etc. It aids in data organization and makes it simple to retrieve files when needed. It mainly consists of various file types that have been organized into directions, including MP3, MP4, txt, and doc files. You can control how data is read from and written to the storage medium using a file system. Direct installation into a computer running an operating system like windows or Linux is possible.

What is DBMS?

A piece of software known as a database management system (DBMS) is used to manage or organize data that is stored in a database. In order to store all types of data, the database management system (DBMS) was developed in the 1960s. Data manipulation operations like insertion, deletion, and updates are supported. The DBMS system is also in charge of controlling, defining, and building databases. It is specifically made to enable data generation, storage, and transmission.

DBMS Vs File system | Difference between DBMS and File system

  • DBMS is software for managing the database, while the file system is software that manages and organizes the file in a storage medium within a computer.
  • In DBMS there is no redundant data. In a file system, redundant data can be present in a file system.
  • DBMS has more complexity in handling as compared to the file system. The File system is less complex as compared to DBMS.
  • DBMS provides backup and recovery but doesn't provide backup and recovery of data if it is lost. DBMS provides backup and recovery of data even if it is lost.
  • DBMS has more security mechanisms as compared to file systems. While file systems provide less security in comparison to DBMS.
  • Efficient query processing is there in DBMS, while in the file system, there is no efficient query processing.
  • In DBMS data independence exists and in the file system there is no data independence.
  • There is more data consistency in DBMS because of the process of normalization. While there is less data consistency in the file system.
  • DBMS has a comparatively higher cost than a file system. Whereas, a file system is less expensive than DBMS.
  • In DBMS multiple users can access data at a time, while file system only one user can access data at a time.
  • DBMS hides the internal details of the database, while the file system gives details of storage and representation of data.
  • DBMS integrity constraints are easy to implement, whereas in a file system integrity constraints are difficult to implement.
  • In DBMS, the user is not required to write procedures. In the File system, the user has to write procedures for managing the database.
  • DBMS offers a crash recovery mechanism, while the file system does not.
  • DBMS due to its centralized nature sharing is easy, while in the file system data is distributed in many files, so not easy to share data.
  • An example of DBMS is Oracle and SQL servers. Example of the file system is Cobol and C++.
  • Concurrency is not offered by the file system, whereas it is offered by DBMS.
Thanks for reading the article. Still, if you have any questions or queries in your mind on the Difference between DBMS and FIle system then please ask us in the comment section below.

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