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13 March 2023

Database Vs Data Structure | Difference | Comparison

One of the most significant differences between the two systems is that the database is a collection of data that is stored and managed in permanent memory. While in Data structure is a method of storing and organizing data effectively in temporary memory. You can check out the detailed information on the database Vs data structure below. 

What is a Database?

A database architecture may contain various abstraction levels. External, conceptual, and internal levels typically make up database architecture. It is determined at the external level how users will view the data. A single database may contain multiple views. The physical storage of the data is described at the internal level. Communication occurs at the conceptual level between internal and external levels. The database offers a unique viewpoint regardless of how it is kept or viewed. Analytical databases, data warehouses, and distributed databases are just a few of the different types of databases.

What is Data Structure?

Data structures are ways to organize and store data in computer programming to make it easier to access and modify data. For storing data, there are many different types of data structures available and each has its own distinct features. Data structures like Array, Link list, stack, queue, heap, binary tree, and graph are frequently used.

Database Vs Data structure | Difference between Database and Data structure

  • The database is a concept or tool which stores & handles data at a permanent memory location. While data structure is about storing data or handling data in RAM or temporary memory.
  • At the end of each process, a database is used to store a data structure including process data. Although data structures are not intended for long-term storage. It is alive as long as the software is alive. But, we may add data to the database using the various data structures.
  • The database is used to manage the data and manage it easily, whereas data structure is used for efficiency and to reduce the complexities of the program.
  • A database is an organized collection of data. But data structure is a special format for storing data to serve a particular purpose.
  • A relational database, NoSQL database, centralized database, and Hierarchical database are some types of databases. While in linear data structure and nonlinear data structure are the types of data structure.
  • The database is stored on a computer and the data structure is the memory.
  • The database is a nonvolatile memory and the data structure is volatile memory.
  • Operations on the data in a database are carried out using a structured query language (SQL). The database is managed by a database management system (DBMS). While using data structures, operations are carried out using programming languages like C, C++, Java, and Python.
  • My SQL, Oracle, MongoDB, Sybase, etc are examples of databases. On the other hand in Array, Linked list, Stack, Queue, tree, and Graph are examples of Data structure.
Thanks for reading the article. Still, if you have any questions or queries in your mind on the difference between Database Vs Data Structure then please ask us in the comment section below.

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