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23 August 2023

C Vs Python | Difference | Comparison

Both Python and C are widely used programming languages, but their popularity comes from different factors and most of their applications don't cross over. Deciding which programming language to start with can be challenging when you are new to programming. Let us discuss the Difference between C and Python with the help of the comparison given below.

What is Python? 

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language. In 1991, Guido van Rossum invented it. Python is a powerful object-oriented programming language with library support. It enables the simple building of many different apps and algorithms. Its language characteristics and object-oriented techniques are designed to aid programmers in creating clean, comprehensible code for a variety of tasks.

What is C?

C is a general-purpose, structured, mid-level programming language. It was created in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs as one of the foundations of the Unix operating system. The structure-oriented method, or top-down technique, which reduces a program into smaller functions, is the approach that C implements.

Difference between C and Python 

  • The C programming language was developed by Dennis M Ritchie in 1972. Guido van Rossum initially developed the Python programming language, which was made public in 1991.
  • C is a procedural programming language On the other hand Python is an object-oriented programming language.
  • C is a middle-level language in contrast Python is a high-level language.
  • C is a compiled programming language but Python is an interpreted programming language.
  • C is a faster language compared to Python as it has complied whereas Python programs are usually slower than C programs as they are interpreted.
  • C is memory management needs to be done manually in C, on the other hand, Memory management is automatically handled in Python by the garbage collector provided by it.
  • In C, the type of the various variables must be declared when they are created, But in Python variables are untyped, that is, When declaring a variable, its data type does not need to be specified.
  • C has support for the pointer, and Python has no support pointers.
  • Because C is a procedural programming language, functions make up the majority of its functional units. Because Python is an object-oriented programming language, objects make up the majority of its functional units.
  • C is a less robust programming language compared to Python on the other hand Python is a more robust programming language compared to C as it has strong memory management schemes.
  • In C, there are extremely few built-in functions. There are a lot of built-in functions in Python.
  • C codes are stored with the .c extension. Python codes are stored with a .py extension.
  • The C programming language is mostly used for the development of hardware applications. Python is a general-purpose programming language.
  • C allows inline assignment. for instance. Python does not allow inline assignments.
  • To use various data structures like stack, queues, etc. In C, we need to implement them on our own. Despite this, Python makes it simpler to employ data structures because it has built-in libraries for doing so.
  • The average annual salary for a C developer United States is US$96,131.In the United States, a Python developer makes an average pay of US$110,947 per year.
  • C has a TOIBE rank of 2, and Pyhton has a TOIBE rank of 1.
  • C only has basic data types like integer, float, string, char, struct, and array. Along with the fundamental data types, Python also supports lists, dictionaries, sets, tuples, and other forms of data.
  • C is a procedural programming language. Procedural programming, imperative programming, functional programming, and object-oriented programming are all supported by the multi-paradigm language Python.
  • The syntax of a C program is harder than Python, Whereas the syntax of Python programs is easy to learn write, and read.
Thanks for reading the article. Still, if you have any questions or queries in your mind on the Difference between C and Python then please ask us in the comment section below.

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