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IRR Vs ROI | Difference | Comparison

IRR and ROI are two key metrics in the world of investing. Return on Investment(ROI) is a performance measure used to evaluate the efficiency of an investment or return from a business activity. While IRR is used to evaluate the expected profitability of the potential investment. The IRR calculates an investment's expected return based on projected future cash flows, whereas the ROI is commonly employed to calculate an investment's overall profitability. Both are significant instruments that can investors in making key business or investment decisions. If you are having trouble deciding the difference between NPV vs ROI, read the comparison below to find the best Measure of Investment performance. 

What is IRR?

IRR stands for internal rate of return, it is a financial statistic that is used to calculate the profitability of possible investments. In a discounted cash flow analysis, the IRR is a discount rate that makes the net present value of all cash flows equal to zero.

What is ROI?

ROI stands for return on investment, it refers to how much money you get for your money. It is a statistic for calculating the profits or losses from a certain investment in comparison to the company's initial investment. It can be described as a percentage increase or decrease in investment return over the same time period. ROI is quick and it makes it easy to draw comparisons between multiple projects.

IRR vs ROI | Difference between IRR vs ROI:

  1. The IRR is the discounted rate of all future projected cash flows of a project or investment. The ROI is calculated as a percentage of the investment growth divided by the investment starting cost.
  2. IRR is commonly used by financial analysts, while the ROI is commonly used by everyday investors and financial institutions.
  3. The IRR is a metric for comparing the expected cash flows of investments to a benchmark. The ROI is an investment measurement of investment growth and efficiency.
  4. IRR is a measure that takes into consideration the future value of money and is therefore highly important to compute. ROI, the future value of money is not taken into account.
  5. IRR is a calculation that requires a complex formula, and ROI is quick and easy to calculate.
  6. IRR calculates for financial analysis to estimate the profitability f potential investment. While ROI calculates to understand the profitability or return of an investment.
  7. The formula for ROI is [ ( Expected value - Original value ) / Original value ] * 100. The discount rate in the IRR makes the difference between the current investment and the future NPV zero. 
  8. IRR, managers consider the time value of money. As a result, it can be used to calculate the annual growth rate, While the ROI method can be used to calculate and define the growth rate from the start to the finish of an investment term.


  • Both represent the average annual return on investment.
  • They can be used to evaluate a completed investment in the past or forecast success in the future.
  • Both measures are provided in percentages, allowing for easy comparison and evaluation.


IRR vs ROI is two of the most commonly utilized metrics for calculating investment performance. So in essence, the metric that will be used to calculate investment return is determined by the additional expenditure that must be taken into account. ROI vs IRR each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. As a result, many businesses compute their capital budgets using both the ROI and IRR. These two metrics are the most significant in determining whether or not to accept a new project. This demonstrates the significance of these two measurements. Still, if you have any questions or queries in your mind Difference between IRR and ROI then please ask us in the comment section below. 

Explore more information:

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  3. EBIT Vs Operating Income
  4. ROE Vs RNOA
  6. EBIT vs Revenue
  7. ROI Vs ROE 
  8. NPV Vs ROI
  9. YTM Vs IRR

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