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26 March 2024

Solaris Vs FreeBSD | Difference | Comparison

In both Solaris and FreeBSD Unix operating systems, Solaris is based on system V released(SVR 4) Unix operating system, whereas FreeBSD is based on the Berkeley software distribution(BSD) Unix operating system. In this article, we will discuss the difference between Solaris and FreeBSD Operating systems, But first, let's understand what are Solaris and FreeBSD operating systems.

What is the Solaris Operating system?

Oracle Corporation offers a proprietary operating system called Solaris. It is an operating system similar to UNIX. It is written in both C and C++ languages. It uses both closed and open-source or mixed-source methods. Sun Microsystems was the original developer of it, and Oracle Corporation acquired it in 2010. 1992 was the release of Solari's first version. This operating system uses a monolithic kernel with dynamically loadable modules.

What is FreeBSD?

The FreeBSD project offers FreeBSD, an operating system that is both free and open source. Berkeley software distribution(BSD) and research UNIX, two Unix-like operating systems. Served as the foundation for its development. It and the Linux operating system are very similar. While it was previously a well-known operating system. Its use has decreased in comparison to other operating systems. 1993 saw the release of FreeBSD's initial version. 

Solaris Vs FreeBSD | Difference between Solaris and FreeBSD

There are key differences between Solaris and FreeBSD operating systems as follows:

  1. Developed: Solaris was developed by Sunmicosystem in 1992, whereas FreeBSD was developed and is owned by the FreeBSD Project in 1993.
  2. Target system: Solaris's target system types are server and workstation, on the other hand, FreeBSD's target system types are server, workstation, NAS and embedded systems.
  3. Computer architectures: Computer architectures supported by Solaris are IA-32, x86-64, and SPARC. While Computer architecture supported are IA-32, x86-64, MIPS, PowerPC and ARM.
  4. Native API: In Solris Native APIs are SysV/POSIX, GTK and Java. While the FreeBSD native API are BSD/POSIX.
  5. Kernal Type: In Solaris, kernel types are monolithic with dynamically loadable modules, whereas FreeBSD kernel types are monolithic with modules.
  6. Package Management: In Solaris package management is SysV packages or image packaging system, on the other hand, FreeBSD package management is MSI.
  7. Preferred License: Solaris has the preferred license of CDDL, while the FreeBSD preferred license is BSD.
  8. File system: In Solaris file systems supported by Solaris are UFS, ZFS, ext2, FAT, ISO 9660, UDF, NFS, and QFS, and the FreeBSD file system supported are UFS32, ZFS, ext2, ext3, NFS, UDF, and ISO 9660.
  9. Userland tools: Solaris has its own collection of userland tools, on the other hand, FreeBSD offers an environment that's closer to a classic UNIX system with utilities like GNU core utilities.
  10. Virtualization: Solaris has its own virtualization technology called zones, whereas FreeBSD supports virtualization using technologies like virtualBOX, and jails.

Solaris and FreeBSD both are Unix operating systems. The fact that Solaris is designed for high-end servers makes it an excellent operating system. supports a large variety of hardware. The solution has excellent stability. Some solutions are not supported by the documentation and no additional options are available. Although there are some places with graphical user interfaces. The majority of the product is still command-line based. Core administration is still carried out via the command line for some reason. Whereas, FreeBSD is an excellent choice for a UNIX-based development environment and for maintaining the functionality of old hardware. It is most appropriate for this. It would be a great, reliable and secure server. 

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