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10 May 2024

UNIX Vs Windows | Difference | Comparison

UNIX and Windows are both popular desktop operating system. So here article information about the difference between UNIX and Windows, but let's first check it out what is UNIX and Windows?

What is UNIX?

UNIX is multi user and multitasking operating system. It was developed in the 1960s by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and other AT&T bell laborites. UNIX is a stable, secure, multi user, multitasking system for servers, laptops and computers. 

What is Windows?

Microsoft windows is an operating system with a Graphical user interface(GUI) That offers graphical user friendly replacements for the majority of command line tasks. Microsoft released a number of versions with the newest features.

UNIX Vs Windows | Difference between UNIX and Windows

  1. Basic: Unix operating system is Commands line based interface(CLI), Whereas Windows is a menu based graphical user interface(GUI). 
  2. Multiplexing: Multiprocessing is possible in the UNIX OS, In contrast, multiprocessing is not possible in the windows operating systems, It support Multithreading.
  3. Licensing: UNIX is a free and open source OS, But the Windows is a licensed OS.
  4. OS: UNIX is command based OS, Whereas windows is a menu based OS.
  5. User Interface: UNIX has a text base interface, making it harder to grasp for newcomers, whereas Windows has graphical user interface, making it simple to use.
  6. File System: UNIX file system that comprises STD. ERR and STD. IO file systems. Whereas Windows uses file allocation system and new technology file system. 
  7. Security: UNIX is more secure as all chances to the system require explicit user permission, whereas Windows is less secure compared to UNIX.
  8. Hardware Support: UNIX Operating system have limited hardware support. Hardware could not have drivers available. On the other hand, windows operating system contain almost all of the drivers for all of the available hardware.
  9. Networking: In Unix, Native support for networking protocols and services. On the other hand, Windows native support for networking protocol and services.
  10. Data back up and Recovery: UNIX is tedious to create a backup and recovery system in UNIX, but it is improving with the introduction of new distribution of UNIX, In contrast, Windows has an integrated backup and recovery system that make it simpler to use. 
  11. Case Sensitive: UNIX is fully case sensitive, and files can be considered separate files, but the Windows has case sensitivity as an option. 
  12. Reliability: High stability is a well-known feature of UNIX and its distribution. While Windows has become more stable recently, it still cannot match the reliability offered by UNIX systems.
  13. Popular use cases: Unix is used servers, supercomputers, embedded systems. Whereas Windows is used in personal computers, servers, gaming consoles, embedded systems. 
  14. Development environment: Unix is Powerful development tools and compilers, on the other hand, Windows is integrated development environment(IDE) with compiler features.
Conclusion:

Both UNIX and Windows are popular desktop operating system. UNIX operating system available for windows and windows subsystem for Linux that provides a Linux compatible environment within windows.

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